In 2012, the Future of Medical Education in Canada Postgraduate (FMEC PG) Project (2010-2012) put forward ten recommendations with the goal to adapt the postgraduate medical education system to changing societal needs while improving efficiencies to support a more sustainable health care system.  Recommendation 9 stated: “Recognizing the complexity of PGME and the health delivery system within which it operates, integrate the multiple bodies (regulatory and certifying colleges, educational and healthcare institutions) that play a role in PGME into a collaborative governance structure in order to achieve efficiency, reduce redundancy, and provide clarity on strategic directions and decisions.”

The Council was created through the implementation of this recommendation during the FMEC PG Implementation Project (2013-2016) and the Council was officially launched on April 1, 2016.

The Association of Faculties of Medicine of Canada (AFMC) has been chosen as the site of the Council secretariat for the first three years.